A topo cartography project by the Toronto-based Topo Design Institute (TDSI) has found that, when combined with GPS, a map can help users navigate more efficiently, and improve their navigation experience, by up to 25 per cent.
“We found that if you combine topo and GPS in the same area, your experience becomes much more comfortable,” said TDSI president Michael Cramer in a statement.
TDSi created a map of Toronto’s cityscape with a topo of 16.5 metres (54.4 feet) in size and a GPS navigation solution of 1 kilometre (0.5 mile) in depth. “
Our research found that this information can be applied in a more useful way in order to enhance your navigation, which is a great example of how our research can help improve our cities.”
TDSi created a map of Toronto’s cityscape with a topo of 16.5 metres (54.4 feet) in size and a GPS navigation solution of 1 kilometre (0.5 mile) in depth.
A topos map shows the topography of the Toronto region as it is in its entirety, and the GPS navigation map shows a grid of points representing the region.
The topo maps are produced by the GPS data used to create the topo.
To create a topos, TDSIs computer generates a map with the following features: Topo map: a topographic representation of the city of Toronto from its centre.
The map is drawn in a 2D grid, with points representing locations, roads, parks, and other features.
GPS navigation: a GPS location-based navigation solution for the topos.
It is a combination of GPS and a topois map.
GPS: the global positioning system.
Topos maps are not only useful for navigating, they are also the easiest to produce.
“In the past, we have used topo as a mapping tool to show our location, and this has helped us a lot,” said Cramer.
“When we were building the topoS, we knew we wanted to do something with topo that would be better than a traditional map.”
We were able to combine topos and GPS together in a way that helped us produce maps with more depth and detail.
“Testers from TDS I asked TDS, the world’s largest cartographic research organization, to assess the impact of using GPS to navigate a map.
They compared the topoes of a dozen maps to the GPS navigational solutions.
“That’s why we had to use a lot of topo because it’s really hard to get the topoi that we want. “
With the GPS solutions, it was easier for us to find the best way to go,” said study co-author Michael Tressel, a professor of geography and cartography at the University of Toronto.
“It’s very interesting that this result shows that you can actually use GPS to make a topography map of a city. “
“There is no better topographic mapping tool out there than topo.” “
The researchers used topos in cities such as Toronto and Montreal to test their topo solutions, and also explored the impact that topo has on the navigation experience. “
There is no better topographic mapping tool out there than topo.”
The researchers used topos in cities such as Toronto and Montreal to test their topo solutions, and also explored the impact that topo has on the navigation experience.
The research was published in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences on Jan. 6, 2017.